НІМЕ КІНО: ВІД ЕКСПЕРИМЕНТУ ДО МИСТЕЦТВА


Робота виконана в рамках Всеукраїнського конкурсу-захисту МАН у відділенні літературознавства, фольклористики та мистецтвознавства в секції мистецтвознавства. Дослідження висвітлює історію розвитку німого кіно та становлення його головних художньо-стилістичних особливостей.

 Летюча Наталія Юріївна,

учениця Городищенського економічного ліцею

Бурлака Олена Вікторівна,

учитель історії

Городищенського економічного ліцею

 НІМЕ КІНО: ВІД ЕКСПЕРИМЕНТУ ДО МИСТЕЦТВА

ПРЕЗЕНТАЦІЯ ДО РОБОТИ

ВСТУП


Кіно – це життя, з якого вирізали 

                                                          найбільш нецікаві моменти

Альфред Хічкок

Універсальним культурним явищем сьогодення є кінематограф. Він відображає складні суспільні процеси, є втіленням технічного прогресу. Завдяки розмаїттю художніх стилів і жанрів кіномистецтво здатне задовольнити будь-який  смак – і масового глядача, і кіноестета. Фундаментом кіномистецтва був німий кінематограф. На сучасному етапі зацікавлення цим самобутнім напрямком мистецтва відроджується. Вважається, що чорно-біле німе кіно, із його характерним мерехтінням і поганою якістю зображення, усе ж таки володіє шармом, привертаючи кіноманів навіть у часи розквіту цифрових технологій.

Актуальність обраної теми дослідження зумовлена популярністю кіномистецтва в суспільстві та цікавістю  до його витоків – періоду німого кіно, потребою повернення із забуття українського німого кіно.

Мета дослідження полягає в тому, щоб дослідити головні етапи, чинники розвитку, художньо-стилістичні особливості німого кіно, а також розвиток українського німого кінематографа.

У процесі дослідження постають такі завдання:

  • визначити чинники розвитку й формування центрів кіномистецтва;

  • вивчити художньо-стилістичні особливості та жанрову спрямованість німого кіно;

  • дослідити український німий кінематограф у контексті світових мистецьких тенденцій;

  • довести, що традиції німого кіно живуть у світовій культури у наш час.

Об’єктом дослідження є німе кіно як мистецьке явище

Предметом дослідження є історичні умови розвитку, пам’ятки німого кіно, головні події кінопроцесу.

Хронологічні рамки дослідження охоплюють період від 1685 р. до 2013 р. Вибір нижньої хронологічної межі зумовлений початком експериментів із «оживлення картинок», які врешті призвели до створення кінематографа; верхньої – останніми подіями в галузі культури, пов’язаними із впливом естетики німого кіно.

Джерельну базу дослідження складають візуальні та текстові матеріали. Візуальні джерела (фільми, кадри із фільмів, фотоматеріали) допомагають з’ясувати художньо-стилістичні особливості, теми, жанри німого кіно, познайомитися із провідними митцями цієї галузі культури. Більшість візуальних джерел інформації є доступними у мережі Інтернет. Серед них виділяються ряд систематизованих інтернет-ресурсів: сайт Національного центру Довженка, сайт кінофестивалю «Німі ночі», англомовний сайт «Німа ера» та мистецькі сайти. Окрім доступу до пам’яток німого кіно, матеріали цих джерел дозволяють ознайомитися з інформаційними довідками, статтями кінокритиків, істориків кіно.  Важливим джерелом дослідження проблеми є документальні фільми «Народження українського німого кіно», «Становлення українського німого кіно», «Розквіт українського німого кіно», виконаних на замовлення Київського Національного Університету театру, кіно і телебачення ім. І. К. Карпенка-Карого протягом 1990-1992 років. Перші спроби застосування кольору в німому кіно першої третини ХХ століття висвітлює фільм

Історіографічну базу даного дослідження складають праці Гриценко Т.Б., Крижанівського  Б. Н., Мусієнка Н. Б., Соболєва Р.П., Марченка С., за допомогою яких вдалося встановити науково достовірну фактичну частину дослідження та визначитися із основними завданнями та напрямками роботи. Серед сучасних розробок виділяються праці українських мистецтвознавців Онученко С.С., Бордунос С., Лагоди О.М., які розглядають мистецькі аспекти німого кіно, висвітлюють образно-стилістичні характеристики героїв німого кіно. Значна частина матеріалів засобів масової інформації дає можливість з’ясувати сучасний стан зацікавленості німим кіно, познайомитися зі спробами кінознімання в стилі німих фільмів та вплив стилістики німого кіно на мистецькі процеси сучасності.

У ході роботи були застосовані такі методи дослідження, як гіпотетично-дедуктивний метод, метод емпіричного дослідження, аналітико-описовий метод.

Наукова новизна результатів дослідження полягає в тому, що у роботі уточнено фактичні дані з історії німого кіно, доповнено дослідження художньо-стилістичних особливостей німого кіно, висвітлено специфіку розвитку українського німого кінематографа, вперше розглянуто системний вплив стилістики німого кіно на окремі сфери культурного життя суспільства, робота базується на вивченні останніх подій у світі культури та мистецтва.

Теоретичне значення дослідження полягає в тому, що здійснено спробу системно висвітлити історію німого кіно, оскільки інформація з цієї проблеми є переважно розрізненою.

Практичне значення наукової роботи полягає в можливості використання матеріалів дослідження для вивчення тем з історії культури в курсах історії України, всесвітньої історії та художньої культури в загальноосвітніх школах.

Апробація результатів дослідження.  На підставі матеріалів наукової роботи автор виступала із доповідями під час уроку історії України на тему «Українська культура на початку ХХ ст.» в 10 класі Городищенського економічного ліцею 27 вересня 2013 року та 30 жовтня 2013 року на Конференції дійсних членів Малої академії наук на базі районного Центру дитячої та юнацької творчості міста Корсунь-Шевченківський.

Поставлені завдання реалізуються через відповідну структуру роботи, яка складається зі вступу, трьох розділів, висновків, списку використаних джерел та додатків.



Leave a comment

Ваша e-mail адреса не оприлюднюватиметься.

64 thoughts on “НІМЕ КІНО: ВІД ЕКСПЕРИМЕНТУ ДО МИСТЕЦТВА

  • Online Car Insurance

    I do accept as true with all of the concepts you’ve offered on your post. They are really convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are very quick for beginners. May just you please prolong them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

  • Google Stock

    I think other web-site proprietors should take this web site as an model, very clean and excellent user friendly style and design, let alone the content. You’re an expert in this topic!

  • Stock Quotes

    I am glad for commenting to let you understand what a beneficial encounter my friend’s girl found studying your webblog. She came to understand a wide variety of issues, not to mention what it is like to possess a wonderful helping style to have the mediocre ones quite simply fully understand a number of grueling topics. You actually did more than our own expected results. Thank you for giving the effective, trusted, edifying and even fun tips on this topic to Evelyn.

  • Google Money

    I like what you guys are up too. Such smart work and reporting! Carry on the excellent works guys I¡¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my web site 🙂

  • Google Quotes

    This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your excellent post. Also, I have shared your site in my social networks!

  • Health Tips

    Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.

  • Department Of Health

    Good site! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I’m wondering how I could be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your feed which must do the trick! Have a nice day!

  • Health News

    Hello, you used to write wonderful, but the last several posts have been kinda boring¡K I miss your great writings. Past few posts are just a little out of track! come on!

  • House Improvements

    I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I don’t know who you are but definitely you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

  • Homeserve USA Reviews

    I keep listening to the news broadcast lecture about receiving boundless online grant applications so I have been looking around for the top site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i get some?

  • bathroom remodel ideas

    Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  • home improvement cast

    You can definitely see your expertise within the paintings you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. At all times follow your heart.

  • Remodeling Contractors

    Wow, fantastic blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is excellent, let alone the content!

  • Homeserve Reviews

    Excellent web site. Plenty of useful info here. I am sending it to some pals ans additionally sharing in delicious. And certainly, thank you on your effort!

  • Home Service Club Warranty Reviews

    I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this hike.

  • What is Home Service

    Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  • Roofing

    I have not checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  • Homeserve USA Septic Tank

    Great beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your site, how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

  • Homeserve Reviews

    My brother recommended I might like this web site. He was entirely right. This post actually made my day. You can not imagine just how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

  • Home Service Club Warranty Reviews

    I was just seeking this information for a while. After six hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your web site. I wonder what is the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative sites in top of the list. Usually the top web sites are full of garbage.

  • доминиканский ром пунта кана

    Thank you for this article. I might also like to say that it can become hard if you find yourself in school and simply starting out to create a long credit history. There are many individuals who are just trying to pull through and have a good or beneficial credit history can occasionally be a difficult matter to have.

  • Auto Discount

    I do accept as true with all of the ideas you have introduced on your post. They’re really convincing and will certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are too brief for starters. Could you please extend them a bit from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  • Law Firm

    I keep listening to the newscast speak about getting free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the top site to get one. Could you advise me please, where could i acquire some?

  • Car Auctions UK

    I truly appreciate this post. I¡¦ve been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You’ve made my day! Thank you again

  • Income

    Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely comeback.

  • Lawyer

    I will immediately clutch your rss feed as I can not to find your email subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly permit me recognize in order that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

  • Attorney At Law

    Good ¡V I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs as well as related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task..

  • Solicitor

    Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  • Best Nutritional Supplements

    It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article. I wish to read more things about it!

  • Business News Articles

    I intended to draft you one bit of remark in order to thank you so much again on the unique strategies you’ve provided on this page. This has been shockingly generous with people like you to make freely what many of us could have supplied as an e-book to help make some bucks on their own, and in particular given that you could have done it if you considered necessary. The thoughts as well acted to become easy way to fully grasp that other people online have the same desire just as my own to see a whole lot more when it comes to this condition. I’m certain there are lots of more fun moments in the future for many who go through your blog.

  • Business Letter

    Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed! Very helpful info specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such info much. I was looking for this certain info for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  • Google My Business

    wonderful points altogether, you just won a emblem new reader. What would you suggest in regards to your publish that you made a few days in the past? Any sure?

  • Money

    I think other website proprietors should take this website as an model, very clean and great user genial style and design, let alone the content. You’re an expert in this topic!

  • Business Checks

    I think this is among the most important info for me. And i am glad reading your article. But should remark on some general things, The website style is great, the articles is really nice : D. Good job, cheers

  • Homeserve Reviews

    hello there and thank you for your information – I’ve definitely picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical points using this web site, since I experienced to reload the site lots of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and could damage your quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for a lot more of your respective intriguing content. Ensure that you update this again very soon..

  • Health Store

    My brother suggested I might like this blog. He was entirely right. This post truly made my day. You cann’t imagine just how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

  • Health News

    I take pleasure in, cause I discovered just what I used to be having a look for. You have ended my four day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  • Financial News

    I’m commenting to let you be aware of of the terrific experience our child experienced going through the blog. She mastered a wide variety of pieces, with the inclusion of what it’s like to possess an ideal coaching heart to let other folks without problems gain knowledge of several multifaceted subject areas. You really did more than readers’ desires. I appreciate you for churning out such warm and helpful, dependable, edifying as well as cool tips on your topic to Sandra.

  • Starting a Business

    I cling on to listening to the reports talk about receiving free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the best site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i acquire some?

  • The Business

    Nice read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch since I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

  • Health Food

    I would like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this web site. I’m hoping the same high-grade web site post from you in the upcoming also. In fact your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own blog now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings quickly. Your write up is a great example of it.

  • Health Food

    Great blog here! Additionally your web site a lot up very fast! What web host are you the usage of? Can I am getting your associate hyperlink for your host? I desire my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  • Men'S Health

    I’m not sure where you are getting your information, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful information I was looking for this info for my mission.

  • Home Service Meaning

    Hello, i think that i saw you visited my weblog thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find things to enhance my site!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  • Homeserve Reviews

    Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the internet the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while people consider worries that they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  • Homeservice Club

    I think this is among the most vital info for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But wanna remark on some general things, The site style is great, the articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers

  • Home Service Club Warranty Reviews

    Hiya, I am really glad I have found this info. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossips and internet and this is actually frustrating. A good blog with exciting content, this is what I need. Thanks for keeping this web site, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Cant find it.

  • Clicking Here

    I just want to say I am just all new to blogging and site-building and seriously enjoyed this web page. Very likely I’m likely to bookmark your site . You actually have fantastic articles. Regards for revealing your web page.

  • michael kors outlet online

    My wife and i felt now more than happy Louis could finish off his survey via the precious recommendations he grabbed while using the web site. It is now and again perplexing to simply continually be giving away tips that others may have been making money from. And now we remember we have got the blog owner to give thanks to for that. The entire illustrations you have made, the simple blog navigation, the friendships you can aid to create – it is many amazing, and it’s really letting our son and our family imagine that the article is awesome, which is certainly pretty mandatory. Thank you for the whole lot!

  • longchamp handbags

    I have to show some thanks to you just for bailing me out of this type of issue. Right after looking through the search engines and getting thoughts that were not productive, I thought my life was done. Living devoid of the strategies to the difficulties you have sorted out all through your short post is a serious case, and the kind that would have badly damaged my career if I hadn’t discovered your web page. Your primary expertise and kindness in dealing with the whole lot was helpful. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t discovered such a step like this. It’s possible to at this point look ahead to my future. Thank you so much for the specialized and effective help. I won’t hesitate to propose your site to anyone who needs to have direction on this matter.

  • retro jordans

    A formidable share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing slightly evaluation on this. And he in actual fact purchased me breakfast because I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to debate this, I really feel strongly about it and love reading extra on this topic. If attainable, as you develop into experience, would you thoughts updating your weblog with more particulars? It’s extremely useful for me. Large thumb up for this weblog put up!

  • adidas superstar

    Thanks so much for providing individuals with such a memorable possiblity to discover important secrets from this website. It is always so ideal and also packed with amusement for me personally and my office mates to search your site on the least three times weekly to read through the new secrets you will have. And definitely, I am also at all times astounded with your breathtaking guidelines you give. Some two points on this page are undoubtedly the most suitable we have ever had.

  • cheap nfl jerseys

    Thanks for every one of your work on this website. Debby really loves going through investigation and it’s really simple to grasp why. A number of us know all about the lively medium you present helpful guides via this web site and as well as improve participation from visitors on this topic so our favorite princess is really understanding a lot of things. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the year. You are always performing a really great job.

  • yeezy boost 350 v2

    I in addition to my pals ended up checking out the great tactics located on the blog then all of the sudden I had a horrible feeling I never expressed respect to the site owner for those secrets. These ladies happened to be absolutely glad to learn all of them and have in effect simply been tapping into these things. Thanks for being indeed kind as well as for making a decision on this form of decent subjects most people are really needing to be aware of. Our own honest regret for not saying thanks to you sooner.

  • nike prestos

    I simply wanted to thank you very much all over again. I am not sure the things I could possibly have done in the absence of the type of basics shared by you over this field. This was a frightening condition in my view, however , considering a well-written tactic you dealt with that took me to leap for gladness. I am grateful for the guidance and as well , hope you are aware of a great job that you are getting into instructing people today thru your web page. Most probably you have never got to know all of us.

  • Diandra

    *OH NOOOO… you got sick too*Well even if your sick you don't look it. You also look damn fine in green. And fur?! well thats a plus and day. *hehe*I really hope you get better right away.(I replied to you on my blog. I thought about it… and re.zelida. even though it gives you a option for a reply button. I don't really think it notifies of replies… SO HOW USEFUL is that?) =D